Here are 5 key ideas for designing low maintenance landscapes:
Reduce your lawn area to a size that can be mowed in 20 minutes or less. Mowing a lawn that size is a quick bit of exercise rather than a weekend-draining chore. Other maintenance chores like watering, fertilizing and weeding — and the related expenses — will also be reduced. Once you've determined the size and shape of your 20 minute lawn, edge it with roll top steel set into the ground with only the top 1/2" protruding above the soil (the reason to use edging is to keep the grass roots out of the planting bed, not keep the mulch in it). Dedicate the rest of your yard to planting beds, native lawn to leave "rough", or hardscapes like paths, patios, decks, etc.
|My back lawn takes 10 minutes to mow, the front about 8.|
|The anti-lawn. Fescue grass in it's natural state.|
Focus on woody plants. Fill your planting beds with trees and shrubs, both evergreen and deciduous. These plants will give you structure and texture year-round, and require almost zero maintenance when the "right plant, right place" principal is followed. Select from regional favorites with a good track record for hardiness. Choose an assortment to include colorful foliage, flowers, interesting bark, and small berry-like fruits. Avoid fast growing, weak wooded, messy species or those that can become invasive via root suckers or seedlings. To lighten things up and add movement to the garden include ornamental grasses. Most need a quick chop down to the ground once a year, and that's it. If you want to include perennial flowers, keep them grouped together in areas of high visibility — near an entryway or patio, for example. Keep annuals and veggies in containers, exclusively. Here are some of my favorite, go-to plants.
|A good assortment of shrubs, trees and a few perennials provide low care, multi-season interest to this sunny, corner property.|
|Different scale, different design style, same low maintenance concept.|
|A clever design makes the most of an awkward space. The unobtrusive texture of small scale pea gravel keeps the focus on the plants.|
|Buffalo grass as a groundcover / living mulch. It's watered once a month in the summer and mowed once a year in early spring.|
Use low maintenance hardscape materials. Look for products that will age gracefully without the need to paint, spray, or power-wash. Everything from fences, decks, and trellises to pathways, patios, and furnishings can be selected with low care as a priority. Natural stone, cedar, redwood, and steel are just a few options.
|This stylish metal gate by artist Dennis West will continue to age beautifully.|
|No maintenance necessary — this cedar trellis will age to a soft gray.|